The known truth of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

world 2020

(Credit: Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Karolina Stachyra, a second year medical student studying at Medical University of Warsaw in Poland. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


How does one contract 2019-nCoV? What are the prodromal symptoms? Does it result in a fatal disease? More and more new questions have been posed since the news concerning the virus epidemic saw the light of the day. The first case was reported in the Chinese city of Wuhan, on the 30th December 2019. The contagious germ responsible for the sudden outbreak was called the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV).

2019-nCoV is a new strain of a vast family of coronaviruses that bring on respiratory and rarely gastrointestinal symptoms. The contagion could appear as a common cold with runny nose, sore throat, fever, cough and breathlessness. However, pneumonia, kidney failure or even death could occur within the more severe course of infection. There are not any specific symptoms that directly indicate the novel coronavirus contagion.

2019-nCoV is most commonly recognized by a polymerase chain reaction that identifies its specific genetic fingerprint. The incubation period is thought to be up to 14 days, estimated from other coronaviruses.

Coronaviruses are zoonotic and it is believed that the first afflicted person caught 2019-nCoV within the live animal market in China. To prevent accidental transmission, the consumption of undercooked meat or raw animal products should be avoided. Nevertheless, there is no evidence that companion pets such as cats or dogs could be transmitters.

According to the latest data, there are not any remedies recommended for prevention or treatment of 2019-nCoV infection; specific medications and vaccines are under investigation. Supportive care is provided for those with the severe types of infection. It is worth mentioning that antibiotics do not work directly on viruses, they can be only used to treat bacterial co-infections. There are substances which can even be detrimental like vitamin C, herbal teas or smoking, and commonly known methods for eradicating germs for instance eating garlic, rinsing nose with saline or gargling mouthwash do not have an impact on protecting against novel coronavirus.

Although everyone can be infected by 2019-nCoV, the elderly or those with pre-existing medical conditions such as diabetes are more susceptible. Novel coronavirus is sensitive to alcohol-based hand sanitizer and water with soap, so washing your hands frequently is vital in prevention. 2019-nCoV could possibly survive a few hours on surfaces meaning facial region contact with contaminated hands could lead to infection. That is the reason why there is no likelihood to contract the virus by receiving packages from China. Being transmitted by the droplets produced by infected people, it is advised to maintain at least 1 meter social distance from them. Those, who have developed respiratory symptoms, should wear protective masks to not infect others.

Thus, if you are suffering from the aforementioned symptoms and have been in China or have had contact with somebody with a respiratory disease who had been there within 14 days, you should promptly seek medical care.

About the author

Karolina Stachyra is a second year medical student studying at Medical University of Warsaw in Poland. She has been the member of International Federation of Medical Students’ Association (IFMSA) since October 2018. Being local coordinator of three projects pertaining to SCOPH, SCORA and SCORP, she observes how education changes people’s attitude towards their health. As the assistant of LPO (SCOPH), she believes that easy access to verifiable knowledge is fundamental in developing public awareness concerning global health.

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Scientists in Iceland are turning carbon dioxide into rock

MWC 2016 LIVE: Orange targets VoLTE and Voice over Wi-Fi; strikes Google partnership

What young people can teach world leaders about mental health in 2020

How young entrepreneurs should be supported: what assistance should governments provide?

Investment Plan for Europe: European Investment Bank to provide BioNTech with up to €100 million in debt financing for COVID-19 vaccine development and manufacturing

It’s ‘time for concrete action’ says UN chief, welcoming inter-Korean agreement

China is building 8 new airports a year

Understanding our own garden that we call mind

Colombia: ‘Terrible trend’ of rights defenders killed, harassed; UN calls for ‘significant effort’ to tackle impunity

Trade defence report: restoring the level playing field for European producers

Zero carbon by 2050 is possible. Here is what we need to do

Environmental labelling, information and management schemes are central to the circular economy

Technology can help solve the climate crisis – but it will need our help

COVID-19: MEPs call for measures to close the digital gap in education

Number of MEPs to be reduced after EU elections in 2019

Mental Health Policy, a significant driver for growth

Will Europe be a different place this Monday?

Professional practices of primary health care for Brazilian health and gender inequality

Is there a drug for every disease?

Gig workers among the hardest hit by coronavirus pandemic

This robot boat delivered a box of oysters in a breakthrough for unmanned shipping

High-technology manufacturing saves the EU industry

Uganda’s Ebola preparedness ‘will go a long way’ says WHO chief

Biggest London City Banks ready to move core European operations to Frankfurt or Dublin?

Top UN Syria envoy hails ‘impressive’ start to historic talks in Geneva

UN resolution paves way for mass use of driverless cars

Refugee resettlement: ‘Tremendous gap’ persists between needs, and spaces on offer

DR Congo: Restore internet services as ‘a matter of urgency’, urges UN expert

World Bank downgrades global growth forecasts, poorest countries hardest hit

All for equality – 2020 is a pivotal year for Gender Equality

What does a good digital ID look like?

The world is facing a $15 trillion infrastructure gap by 2040. Here’s how to bridge it

More than 80% of adolescents worldwide aren’t getting enough exercise

‘Massive and protracted’ humanitarian crisis in DR Congo can be ‘beaten back’ if donors step up

Access still an obstacle to reaching stricken communities on Indonesian island: UN agencies

5 ways you can protect insects if you live in a city

Questions directors need to ask in the age of stakeholder capitalism

Give (mental) health to the young health workforce

The EU slowly exits from “Excessive Deficit Procedure” and hopefully from ‘Excessive Austerity Procedure’ too

Pakistan-India crossing is a ‘Corridor of Hope’, UN chief says, wraps up visit with call for interfaith dialogue

Restore hope that peace will come to the Middle East, UN negotiator urges Security Council

Commission concludes that an Excessive Deficit Procedure is no longer warranted for Italy at this stage

DR Congo: days ahead ‘critical’ to ‘historic election process’ Security Council hears

Why city residents should have a say in what their cities look like

Mental disorders: a raging fire tearing apart the Moroccan society

G7: A serious setback hardly avoided in iconic Biarritz

‘Tenacious’ Kyrgyz lawyer and statelessness champion, wins prestigious UNHCR prize

3 reasons why AI won’t replace human translators… yet

Syria: Why did the US-Russia brokered ceasefire collapse? What does the duo care for?

A Europe that Protects: Commission calls for more efforts to ensure adoption of security proposals

Libya: Heavy shelling and civilian deaths ‘blatant violation’ of international law – UN envoy

A day in the life of a refugee: the wait

What keeps me up at night? Two strategists reply

These photos show some of the world’s smallest things massively magnified

Ethical education as an obligatory course in medical curriculum

Five-year low inflation for Eurozone and now Mario has to finally wake up the Germans

World Television Day celebrates an integral part of modern life

In Pakistan, Guterres urges world to step up climate action, praises support to Afghan refugees

Environmentalists have removed nearly 40 tonnes of trash from the Pacific

Convincing the Germans to pay also for the unification of Eurozone

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s