Teenagers’ career expectations narrowing to limited range of jobs, OECD PISA report finds

teenager

(Credit: Unsplash)

This article is brought to you in association with OECD.


Huge changes to the world of work over the past two decades have made little impact on teenagers’ career expectations, which have become more concentrated in fewer occupations, according to a new OECD report.

Dream jobs: Teenagers’ career aspirations and the future of work says 47% of boys and 53 % of girls surveyed in 41 countries expect to work in one of just 10 popular jobs by age of 30. The figures, based on the latest PISA survey of 15-year-olds released last month, reveal a narrowing of expectations as these shares increased by eight percentage points for boys and four percentage points for girls since the 2000 PISA survey.

The report says the narrowing of job choices is driven by young people from more disadvantaged backgrounds and by those who were weaker performers in the PISA tests in reading, mathematics and science.

Traditional 20th century and even 19th century occupations such as doctors, teachers, veterinarians, business managers, engineers and police officers continue to capture the imaginations of young people as they did nearly 20 years ago, before the era of social media and the acceleration of technologies such as artificial intelligence in the workplace.

Speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, where the findings were discussed by educationists, business leaders, teachers and school students, OECD Education Director Andreas Schleicher said: “It is a concern that more young people than before appear to be picking their dream job from a small list of the most popular, traditional occupations, like teachers, lawyers or business managers. The surveys show that too many teenagers are ignoring or are unaware of new types of jobs that are emerging, particularly as a result of digitalisation”.

The report finds a broader range of career aspirations in countries with strong, established vocational training for teenagers. In Germany and Switzerland, for instance, fewer than four in ten young people express an interest in just 10 jobs. In Indonesia, on the other hand 52% of girls and 42% of boys anticipate one of just three careers –business managers, teachers and, among girls, doctors or, among boys, the armed forces. German teenagers show a much wider range of career interests, which better reflect actual patterns of labour market demand.

Gender continues to exert a strong influence. Among students who score highly in the PISA tests, it is overwhelmingly boys who more often expect to work in science and engineering. The data also shows that high achievers do not always aim to their potential. High-performing young people from the most disadvantaged backgrounds are, on average, four time less likely to hold ambitious aspirations than those with high PISA scores from the most privileged social backgrounds.

The report also points to the frequent misalignment of young people’s career aspirations with the education and qualifications required to achieve them. Addressing this challenge requires ensuring effective systems of career guidance combined with a close engagement with the working world.

The report points to the importance of social and family backgrounds in young people’s career choices and aspirations as well as to the need for clear signals of the requirements of the labour market.

The report is available at www.oecd.org/education/dream-jobs-teenagers-career-aspirations-and-the-future-of-work.htm.

For further information about its findings, please contact: cassandra.davis@OECD.org or the OECD Media Office (tel. + 33 1 4524 9700).
Additional information on the OECD’s work on education and the future of work is available online.

This report is part of the OECD’s “I am the Future of Work” campaign, which aims to contribute to a positive future of work transition, helping to transform learning and social protection systems as well as reducing inequalities between people and across regions. See http://futureofwork.oecd.org.

 

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

This is how a smart factory actually works

4 bold new ways New York is going clean and green

Why businesses are nothing without strong human rights

These are India’s cleanest cities

70 years on, landmark UN human rights document as important as ever

Greece: Tsipras’ referendum victory does not solve the financial stalemate of the country and its banks

Trump’s Syrian hit the softest option vis-a-vis Russia

The race for Driverless vehicles: where is the industry heading?

Syria: Civilians bear brunt of unilateral sanctions, exacerbating ‘unparalleled suffering, destruction,’ says UN expert

Working when sick is rising and harms you and your employer. This is why

Methane levels are increasing – and scientists aren’t sure why

2019 EU Budget: Commission proposes a budget focused on continuity and delivery – for growth, solidarity, security

These are the cities where people work the longest hours

How next-generation information technologies tackled COVID-19 in China

Commission assesses and sets out reform priorities for the countries aiming to join the EU

Statement of the UK Coordination Group and the leaders of the political groups of the EP

Recovering from COVID-19: these are the risks to anticipate now – before it’s too late

EP Brexit Steering Group calls on the UK to overcome the deadlock

UN, African Union make significant joint commitment to global health

EU Trust Fund for Africa: Can it be beneficial for Italy and tackle the migration crisis in the Mediterranean?

Four things the UN chief wants world leaders to know, at key COP24 climate conference opening

In Pakistan, Guterres urges world to step up climate action, praises support to Afghan refugees

Three ways to improve your corporate culture in the #MeToo era

Why do medical students seek for work abroad?

Why youth unemployment is so difficult to counter

Foreign Investment Screening: new European framework to enter into force in April 2019

Attack on Saudi facilities risks dragging Yemen into ‘regional conflagration’: UN Envoy

UN chief calls for Security Council to work with Myanmar to end ‘horrendous suffering’ of Rohingya refugees

UN makes ‘declaration of digital interdependence’, with release of tech report

Western Sahara: a ‘peaceful solution’ to conflict is possible, says UN envoy

The European Union’s Balkan Double Standard

“Let hope be the antidote to fear” – Today’s WHO briefing and other key Coronavirus updates, tips and tools

Humanitarian Aid: €10.5 million for South and South East Asia

How fixing broken food systems can help us meet all the SDGs

5 Ways Companies Can Progress More Women into Leadership Roles

New Report Offers Global Outlook on Efforts to Beat Plastic Pollution

Coronavirus: the truth against all myths

‘Historic’ moment: Palestine takes reins of UN coalition of developing countries

Four things Turkey did for business in the G20

UN space-based tool opens new horizons to track land-use on Earth’s surface

Address by the President Antonio Tajani at the funeral of Nicole Fontaine

When is necessary understand the cultural marks in health-disease process

UN chief commends African Union on adoption of institutional reforms

There is no recipe for a healthy mental state

Is Eurozone heading towards a long stagnation?

Here are three ways Africa’s youth are defeating corruption

How we overhauled healthcare amid Venezuela’s crisis

South Korea wants to build three hydrogen-powered cities by 2022

UN rushes to deliver aid as key Yemeni port city is ‘shelled and bombarded’

How India’s globalized cities will change its future

Industrial producer prices on free fall and stagnant output

Across Europe, people are struggling to make ends meet. We need a common response immediately.

Coronavirus: urgent response to support citizens, regions and countries

Africa-Europe Alliance: first projects kicked off just three months after launch

Millennials aren’t voting – but these young leaders have a plan to change that

Remittances could fall by $100 billion because of COVID-19 – here’s why that matters

Although Greece is struggling to pay salaries and pensions Varoufakis is “optimistic”; the Sting reports live from EBS 2015

European Semester Winter Package: assessing Member States’ progress on economic and social priorities

Beyond trust: Why we need a paradigm shift in data-sharing

UN condemns deadly attack against G5 Sahel force headquarters in Mali

More Stings?

Advertising

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s