Quelling antimicrobial resistance: a clinico-pharmacological exigency


(Adam Nieścioruk, Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Mr. Pat Ashinze, an Igbo-Yoruba Nigerian penultimate medical student at The University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. He is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.

In the year 2011, The WHO theme centred on combating antimicrobial resistance. It was to alleviate the problem due to the global burden it has imposed on health subsequently leading to the ineffectiveness of drug therapy.
Infectious diseases caused by microbes were becoming impervious to empirical drugs and morbidity and mortality rates were peaking on a biblical scale.

Antimicrobial resistance occurs when microbes change in ways that render the medications used to cure the infections they cause ineffective.

Resistance is caused by misuse and overuse.

To quell antimicrobial resistance, a tiered(International, National, Community and Healthcare Centre Levels) multidisciplinary approach that cuts across all health fields must be put into place and enforced with near-zealotry enthusiasm.

Internationally, there should be increased collaboration between governments, nongovernmental organizations and international agencies to prevent infections and their spread and also invent novel networks that will undertake surveillance of antimicrobial use.

Nationally, the Government can form new or reinforce existing programmes to contain antimicrobial resistance. Governments can see to the establishment of committee(s) that would formulate stringent policies; provide guidance on standards, regulations, training and awareness on resistance.

At the Community Level, i recommend strongly that Community Health awareness campaigns be carried out to educate both rural and urban folks about using antimicrobials rationally and as rightly prescribed. Furthermore, there must be regulatory control on over-the-counter use of antibiotics, the need to put up with impeccable standards of high hygiene and lastly, the use of standard treatment regiment for the management of infections and vaccination.

At the Healthcare System/Centre Level which is the focus of this essay and inarguably the most important out of the tiers, it is exigent that the leader of the health team: The medical doctor is well acquainted with the pharmacological and laboratory knowledge of antimicrobial resistance so as to  enact measures to prevent and control infection that will considerably reduce the spread of pathogens including resistant ones within healthcare facilities and to the wider community.  The Nurse must avoid requesting antibiotics for treatment of viral or fungal infections. The Nurse must also use the right antibiotic by the right route for the shortest appropriate time and religiously refrain from disposing unused antibiotics in the clinic environment. The Pharmacist, can educate patients about antimicrobial use and the importance of complying with the prescribed regimen. This would help to reduce the unnecessary use/misuse of antibiotics.
Other health workers and allied forces are to get themselves familiar with the concept of Antimicrobial resistance and join hands in the use of good hygiene, public health awareness systems and other infection control practices at all times to decrease the spread of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms.

In conclusion, to halt antimicrobial resistance, the tiers must come together to create a standard drug usage policy, alleviate infectivity rates, preach safe hygiene, enforce and explain the good in patient compliance to physician prescription and summarily keep the international and national players abreast of recordings of epidemiological surveys.



Antibiotics: a Critical Review; Resistance and Antimicrobial therapy; pages 95 – 96( Kurylowicz et al, ’76)

Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research : JCDR; Combating Antimicrobial Resistance( Rajesh Uchil et al)



About the author

Pat Ashinze, an Igbo-Yoruba Nigerian hybrid, is a penultimate medical student at The University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. Pat is autodidactic. He is a seasoned creative writer revolving within the wheels of experimental writing, content/blog writing, poetry, prose, essaying, aphorisms and freelance writing. He has served and is currently serving as editorial consultant, contributory author/writer for various medical, social and literary platforms. His creations have grossed accolades and have graced several columns and pages home and abroad. He loves volunteering for and directing community outreaches. He is a 2019 UN Millennium Network Fellow, a Pan-Literati Fellow and a Commonwealth100Alumnus.


the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Universal Health Coverage in the EU: Are we really leaving no one behind?

Landmark agreement will protect 100 European Geographical Indications in China

What is the UN General Assembly and what does it do?

Turkish and Greek Cypriot leaders ready for talks with UN chief on improved relations

Subsidiarity and Proportionality: Task Force presents recommendations on a new way of working to President Juncker

Is Haiti better prepared for disasters, nine years on from the 2010 earthquake?

European Commission recommends to the European Council (Article 50) to find that decisive progress has been made in Brexit negotiations

The Collapse of the Brazilian Health Care System

European Youth Forum welcomes establishment of new Youth Intergroup in the European Parliament

European Semester 2019 Spring Package: Commission issues recommendations for Member States to advance sustainable and inclusive economic growth

How biotechnology is evolving in the Fourth Industrial Revolution

A third of world’s out-of-school youth live in conflict, disaster-affected countries: UNICEF report

Africa cannot afford to lose doctors to COVID-19

Preserving biodiversity vital to reverse tide of climate change, UN stresses on International Day

‘Internal security’ or how to compromise citizens’ rights and also make huge profits

Inequality in the delivery of health services

Earth Hour 2019: switch off your lights, and become an innovator

Lebanon: UN rights office calls for de-escalation of protest violence

The European Sting live from the World Economic Forum 2015 in Davos

Did Draghi ask the Germans to accept a drastic change of austerity policies?

One-sixth of the world’s economy has now pledged to cut CO2 to zero by 2050

Ahead of UN summit, leading scientists warn climate change ‘hitting harder and sooner’ than forecast

EU and Overseas Countries and Territories boost cooperation at annual Forum with €44 million

Gas pipeline in the European Union. (Copyright: EU, 2012 / Source: EC - Audiovisual Service / Photo: Ferenc Isza)

EU Investment Bank approves € 1.5bn loan for Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP)

Is there a new debt crisis on the horizon?

The EU responds to US challenges by fining Apple with €13 billion

Four in 10 indigenous languages at risk of disappearing, warn UN human rights experts

Respect people’s peaceful assembly and fair trail rights, UN human rights wing urges Nicaragua

Innovations for Content Professionals at the DCX exhibition 2018 in Berlin, in association with The European Sting

Why responsible consumption is everyone’s business

Africa must become more resilient to climate risk. Here’s how

From ‘strength to strength’ UN-African Union security partnership growing, Security Council hears

5 surprising ways to reuse coffee grounds

State aid: Commission approves €1.2 billion French “Fonds de solidarité” scheme for small enterprises in temporary financial difficulties due to coronavirus outbreak

Key economic forum in Russia: New technology a ‘vector of hope’ but also ‘a source of fear’ says Guterres

Service and Sacrifice: Ugandan ‘Blue Helmets’ support UN efforts to bring peace to Somalia

Will Cameron succeed in keeping UK inside the EU and reverse the present economic downturn?

We need a fresh approach to climate change migration. This is why

On our way to China

The 10 most common types of plastic choking Europe’s rivers

How to get young people in Europe to swipe right on voting

Taxation: Commission refers Hungary to the Court for failing to apply the minimum EU excise duty on cigarettes

Will Europe be able to deal with the migration crisis alone if Turkey quits the pact?

The four top Americans who flew to Europe perplexed things about Trump’s intentions

G20 LIVE: “ISIL is the face of evil; our goal is to degrade and ultimately destroy this barbaric terrorist organisation”, US President Barack Obama cries out from Antalya Turkey

Guinea-Bissau: Upcoming elections vital to prevent ‘relapse’ into instability, says UN envoy

Scotland and First Minister Salmond enter the most challenging battlefield for independence: Europe

It’s time for the circular economy to go global – and you can help

To Brexit, or not to Brexit…rather not: 10 Downing Street, London

How to end overfishing in the global South

St. Vincent and the Grenadines breaks a record, as smallest ever Security Council seat holder

Coronavirus: the truth against the myths

‘Democratic aspirations of the Sudanese people’ must be met urges Guterres, following military removal of al-Bashir from power

This is why obesity is classified as a type of malnutrition

The ‘abuse of food relief in Yemen’ must end now

A new generation of women leaders is making waves in the Arab world

Unemployment and immigrants haunt the EU; who can offer relief?

Food safety: more transparency, better risk prevention

Wednesday’s Daily Brief: Guterres in Kenya, Prisoners sick in Iran, #GlobalGoals, Myanmar, Ukraine updates, and new space partnership

Drug laws must be amended to ‘combat racial discrimination’, UN experts say

More Stings?


Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s