Chart of the day: Why marine protected sites matter more than ever

sea turtle

(David Clode, Unsplash)

This article is brought to you thanks to the collaboration of The European Sting with the World Economic Forum.

Author: Douglas Broom, Senior Writer, Formative Content


Our oceans face multiple threats. Climate change, pollution, acidification, overfishing and deep-sea mining all pose an increasing risk to the 80% of our planet’s biodiversity that lives in our seas.

In 2015, as one of its Sustainable Development Goals, the United Nations set a target of protecting 10% of the world’s oceans by 2020. Today less than 8% is officially protected and experts say the level of protection varies considerably.

 https://www.protectedplanet.net/MPA_Map.pdf

Image: United Nations/Protected Planet

A study published last year in the journal Marine Policy said that some of the world’s 14,882 Marine Protection Areas (MPAs) offered no real protection at all. Some had not been implemented and others did not preclude some of the most harmful activities such as fishing and mining.

Protection in name only

The report said the term MPA was being used so loosely that it did not guarantee meaningful protection. It was “a catchall bucket that contains everything from fully protected marine reserves to an area in which only one species is protected or one activity is disallowed.”

The report concluded that only 2% of the world’s oceans are strongly or fully protected. It said a wealth of scientific studies suggested that at least 30% of the world’s oceans needed full MPA protection. It warned that the target of protecting 10% by 2020 was likely to be unachievable.

Some MPAs are what conservationists call “no take” areas in which all fishing and mineral extraction is banned. Others have looser restrictions. In all they encompass 27.5 million square kilometers of ocean. Two fifths are in coastal waters.

 

Protecting Antarctica’s seas

The largest MPA covers 2 million square kilometers of the Ross Sea off the coast of Antarctica. Endurance ocean swimmer Lewis Pugh, one of the World Economic Forum’s Young Global Leaders, is heading a campaign to extend the MPA to include all 7 million square kilometers of the seas around Antarctica by next year.

The two most comprehensive cover 100% of the waters surrounding the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific and the French-administered Crozet, Kerguelen, Amsterdam and St Paul islands in the Southern Ocean.

Image: United Nations

The latest MPA to be designated, in January this year, covers 1,500 square kilometers of ocean around Chile’s Diego Ramirez Islands in the Drake Passage between the southern tip of South America and Antarctica. One of the smallestcovers 2.1 square kilometers of sea surrounding the Duck Island off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature, which recommended five years ago that 30% of the ocean should be covered by no-take zones, says that, large or small, MPAs provide reservoirs of biodiversity which help the rest of the ocean recover from the impacts of climate change and other threats. Greenpeace and the universities of Oxford and York recently added their voices to the call for 30% of the world’s oceans to be protected.

The World Economic Forum, in collaboration with the World Resources Institute, convenes the Friends of Ocean Action, a coalition of leaders working together to protect the seas. From a programme with the Indonesian government to cut plastic waste entering the sea to a global plan to track illegal fishing, the Friends are pushing for new solutions.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the European Sting Milestones

Featured Stings

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

How to get young people in Europe to swipe right on voting

EU Commission: Growth first then fiscal consolidation

Brexit effect: Public opinion survey shows that EU is more appreciated than ever

Forty-two countries adopt new OECD Principles on Artificial Intelligence

Innovation can transform the way we solve the world’s water challenges

Israel @ MWC14: Israel The Start App Nation

Globalization 4.0 must build a better world for working people

Take medical use of cannabis seriously, say MEPs

Facebook wins EU approval for WhatsApp acquisition; just a sign of the times

What lessons to draw from the destruction of Syria

The Fourth Industrial Revolution must not leave farming behind

WEF Davos 2016 LIVE: “We need more Schengen but reinforce control!”, France’s Minister of Economy Emmanuel Macron emphasises from Davos

Can the EU last long if it cuts Cyprus out?

5 ways blockchain can transform the world of impact investing

Seize the opportunities of digital technology to improve well-being but also address the risks

Breaking news on European Youth Employment: European Youth Forum Guide tackles poor quality internships!

Turkey caught in a vicious Syrian circle bringing terror and war at home

The Parliament rejects cultivating the wrong seeds of the Commission

EU free-trade agreements with Canada and US: imagine the fallout if put to national referendums

Half of all mental illness begins by the age of 14

Gender Equality as a platform to improve Medicine

Hydrogen isn’t the fuel of the future. It’s already here

Prosecution of Paraguay judges over peasant ‘massacre’ ruling could undermine rule of law: UN expert

EU migrant crisis: Germany, France and UK to show the way. Will the rest of the EU follow?

Eurozone: Even good statistics mean deeper recession

These patients are sharing their data to improve healthcare standards

In Washington D.C., Guterres signs pact with World Bank, meets US President Trump

Why today’s leaders need to know about the power of narratives

Tuesday’s Daily Brief: hate speech, dementia, Libya and Yemen, human rights in Brazil and Lebanon

Health conditions for citizens of Yemen’s key port city ‘remain critical’ says UN agency

Cancer research put at risk by General Data Protection Regulation? The possible dangers of a data privacy EU mania

Latin America is a mass-transit powerhouse. But it needs fine-tuning

Clean energy will do to gas what gas has done to coal

The ITU Telecom World on 14-17 November in Bangkok, Thailand

Migration: Better travel safe than sorry

Margrethe Vestager, EU Commissioner in charge of competition policy, during a recent press conference in Brussels / Berlaymont. (Copyright: EU, 2018 / Source: EC - Audiovisual Service / Photo: Jennifer Jacquemart)

EU opens investigation into Qatar Petroleum over potentially restrictive gas contracts

Why exchange programs are essential for the medical students of the 21st century

DRC ‘calm but tense’ as country awaits presidential election result

Trump’s trade wars: Aiming at long term gains for America

Refugee crisis update: EU fails to relocate immigrants from Greece and Italy

A Valentine’s Special: we can never overdose on love

Brexit update: Leave campaign leads race but undecided voters will determine the outcome of the EU referendum

Western Balkans: European Parliament takes stock of 2018 progress

The miserables and the untouchables of the economic crisis

UN chief urges India and Pakistan to dial down tensions in wake of Kashmir attack

Climate change and its adverse impacts on health

“ASEM: Global Partners for Global Challenges”, a Sting Exclusive by China’s Ambassador to the EU

FROM THE FIELD: Rohingya babies conceived out of ‘incomprehensible brutality’

Egypt is building one of the world’s largest solar parks

The EU Parliament sidesteps the real issues about banks, while the US target the Eurozone lenders

The unpleasant truth of plastic straws

Social Committee slams the 28 EU leaders for false promises

UN chief condemns suspected Boko Haram attacks targeting Eid al-Fitr celebrations in Nigeria

The historic accomplishment of a seamless EU patent and intellectual property space

The Syrian knot cannot be cut without devastating consequences

Who is culpable in the EU for Ukraine’s defection to Russia?

Civilians ‘must never be a target,’ says UN in Afghanistan, amid troubling number of casualties during Ramadan

Can the US-Iran rapprochement change the world?

UN chief calls for Security Council to work with Myanmar to end ‘horrendous suffering’ of Rohingya refugees

Energy Union: EU invests a further €800 million in priority energy infrastructure

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s