Climate change: cutting the good by the root?

vegetation 2019_

(Sergio Souza, Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Luiza Merigo Santa Rosa, a second year medical student and Local Coordinator within IFMSA Brazil Unicesumar. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


It is known that by altering the native vegetation of a given biome, we can cause a hydrographic, climatic and even the faunistic imbalance of that region. (BORK.C. 2015). In recent years, environmental damage from anthropogenic actions has unbalanced the  ecological interactions, favoring the transmission of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) such as Malaria, Dengue and Leishmaniasis even in non-tropical regions.(OMS. 2015).

According to IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), between 2000 and 2016, Brazil lost 7.5% of its forests. This change in the vegetation cover has been repercussions in several ways, until some determinants of the biological cycles of NTDs, such as rainfall index and temperature.

This is because the reduction of vegetation decreases the natural moisture from the plants (evapotranspiration), besides hindering the water drain, making it a potential disease focus.The PBMC (Brazilian Panel of Climate Change), provides that these factors will expected to rise by 2040 to approximately 10% and 2 ° C respectively, revealing a negative outlook on the future. (ASSAD, L. 2016, ARTAXO, P. 2018,BORK, C. 2015, PAULA, R. 2018).

In “Investing to overcome the global impact of neglected tropical diseases,” the OMS points out that the number of dengue cases has increased by 30% in half a century, including in subtropical countries such as France and the United States. In China, more than 40 thousands cases of dengue fever were diagnosed in 2014 – one of the worst outbreaks in the country; thus demonstrating the alarming however neglected effect of climate change on the entire planet.(OMS. 2015, ASSAD, L. 2016).

I believe that in addition to the health strategies already used to combat NTDs – for example campaigns to combat dengue – we must also pay attention in the other aspects that determine these diseases, so that the health actions are specific and resolutive; because from the moment the individual receives the appropriate information, he begins to understand his social role, in which is capable of changing the health and disease process locally and globally.

These are important factors: economic conditions, education, politics, culture, and even geographic factors; which are indirectly addressed in the fifteenth UN goal of 2030 (protecting and restoring terrestrial ecosystems by managing them sustainably); which in addition to the preservation of fauna and flora, seeks harmony with human activities, without giving up ecological diversity or our health. (ONU. 2015).

References

ARTAXO, P. Desmatamento vai aquecer clima do planeta mais que o estimado. Jornal da USP. São Paulo. 2018. Disponível em:https://jornal.usp.br/ciencias/desmatamento-vai-aquecer-clima-do-planeta-mais-que-o-estimado/. Acesso em: 11 jan. 2019.

ASSAD, L. Relações perigosas: aumento de temperatura e doenças negligenciadas. Revista ciência e cultura. vol.68 no.1 São Paulo Jan./Mar. 2016.

BORK, C.K. Projeções de temperatura e precipitação para detecção de
mudanças climáticas na Bacia do Rio Taquari-Antas, RS. 2015. Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso (TCC em engenharia ambiental e sanitária)- Centro de Engenharias, Universidade Federal de Pelotas.

PAULA, R. País perdeu 7,5% de suas florestas entre 2000 e 2016. Amazônia notícia e informação.  2018. Disponível em: https://amazonia.org.br/2018/11/pais-perdeu-75-de-suas-florestas-entre-2000-e-2016/. Acesso em: 14 jan. 2019.

Organização das Nações Unidas. Conheça os novos 17 Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável da ONU. ONU. 2015. Disponível em: https://nacoesunidas.org/conheca-os-novos-17-objetivos-de-desenvolvimento-sustentavel-da-onu/. Acesso em: 11 jan. 2019.

World Health Organization. Investing to overcome the global impact of neglected tropical diseases.Switzerland: OMS, 2015. p.11- 33.

About the author

Luiza Merigo Santa Rosa is a Local Coordinator within IFMSA Brazil Unicesumar. She is 19 years old. She was born in Curitiba-PR / BR and she is in the second year of medicine. She is a member of the Family Medicine and Community League and she participates in the Unicesumar Scientific Initiation Project. Her passion for medicine is in its minutia and delicacy, whose art, with the help of other sciences, allows us to discover the mysteries behind this fantastic machine that is the human body.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the European Sting Milestones

Featured Stings

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Energy security: The synchronisation of the Baltic States’ electricity networks – European solidarity in action

Germany is the world’s most innovative economy

Somalia: UN congratulates Puntland region’s newly-elected President

Multilateralism more vital than ever, as World War centenary looms: Security Council

Tuesday’s Daily Brief: funding for Palestine refugees, families today, tech surveillance

Europe and UN form bulwark against ‘might makes right’ worldview, EU foreign affairs chief tells Security Council

Why European manufacturing SMEs in the South face fatal dangers

World Bank President steps down, Chief Executive assumes temporary role

Commission adopts €4 billion investment package for infrastructure projects across 10 Member States

3+1 issues to haunt tomorrow’s EU Summit

IMF’s Lagarde indirectly cautioned Eurozone on deflation

7 amazing ways artificial intelligence is used in healthcare

The inhumane face of crisis mirrored in numbers

CDU-SPD agree the terms for EU’s Banking Union

Seize the opportunities of digital technology to improve well-being but also address the risks

Backed by UN agency, countries set to take on deadly livestock-killing disease

Access to health in the developping world

China is sending science students to live with rural farmers – and crop yields are skyrocketing

Forward Agenda: What can we expect from 2019?

Protecting farmers and quality products: vote on EU farm policy reform plans

Presentation of Juncker’s Investment Plan: Can 315 billion euros save the EU?

Hungary: people born in the 2020s won’t have legal rights any more to buy tobacco

Drawing scenarios for drifting Britain; elections or May’s deadlock?

How the digital economy is shaping a new Bangladesh

A Sting Exclusive: “On the road to Japan-EU Economic Partnership Agreement”, by Ambassador Katakami of the Japanese Mission to the European Union

Food safety: New rules to boost consumer trust approved by MEPs

UN space-based tool opens new horizons to track land-use on Earth’s surface

Why growth is now a one way road for Eurozone

When did globalization begin? The answer might surprise you

Putin becomes the ‘perfect enemy” for the West

These countries have the most expensive childcare

A third of world’s out-of-school youth live in conflict, disaster-affected countries: UNICEF report

Human rights chief calls for international probe on Venezuela, following ‘shocking accounts of extrajudicial killings’

Italy solves the enigma of growth with fiscal consolidation: The Banking Union

We are witnessing a revolution in genomics – and it’s only just begun

Europe bewildered by radicalisation and terrorism

At Arab League Summit, Guterres reaffirms strong link between UN and people of Arab world

JADE Spring Meeting 2017– day 1: Excellence awards, panel discussion, keynote speeches

How to fight back against misinformation and polarization

COP21 Breaking News_08 December: Cities & Regions Launch Major Five-Year Vision to Take Action on Climate Change

Cyclone Fani hits India, UN moves to protect vulnerable refugees in Bangladesh

International World Summit Award calls for outstanding digital applications with impact on society from 178 UN member states

Britain aligns with EU rivaling US on trade and Iran, abandons bilateral ‘Midsummer Night’s Dream’

Although Greece is struggling to pay salaries and pensions Varoufakis is “optimistic”; the Sting reports live from EBS 2015

‘Endemic’ sexual violence surging in South Sudan: UN human rights office

Ocean life faces ‘onslaught of threats’ from human activity, but tools exist to save it

Safer roads: More life-saving technology to be mandatory in vehicles

Thai cave boys spared thundershowers, highlighting extreme climate disruption: UN weather agency

On International Day, UN stands in solidarity with some 20 detained staff

‘No hope’ global development goals can be achieved without women, says UN Assembly President

To tackle climate change, we need city diplomacy

AI could be a silver bullet for healthcare in ASEAN

IMF to teach Germany a Greek lesson

UN chief condemns attack targeting international forces in northern Mali

Why we need a moderate approach to moderating online content

UN Human Rights chief urges Venezuela to halt grave rights violations

“A divided Europe is not in China’s interests”, Ambassador Zhang of the Chinese Mission to EU welcomes Brussels

Central Africa: Security Council concerned by ‘grave security situation’, calls for better agency cooperation

Who cares more about taxpayers? The US by being harsh on major banks or the EU still caressing them?

Not faith, ‘but those who manipulate the faithful’ driving wedge between religions, UN-backed forum in Baku told

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s