Despite falling attacks, ISIL terrorists remain ‘global threat’: UN report

UNICEF/Sparks Destruction in the Iraqi war-battered city of Mosul, evident after the city was liberated from ISIL forces in 2017.

This article is brought to you in association with the United Nations.


Though attacks were down last year, a new United Nations report to the Security Council on Monday shows that ISIL is still a global threat, despite evolving into a “covert” terrorism network, with countries continuing to face challenges from the growing scourge of violent extremism.

“Despite the more concealed or locally embedded activities of ISIL cells, its central leadership retains an influence and maintains an intent to generate internationally-directed attacks and thereby still plays an important role in advancing the group’s objectives,” explained Vladimir Voronkov, who heads the UN Office of Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT).

“This is exacerbated by the challenge of foreign terrorist fighters who either are leaving conflict zones, or those who are returning or who are about to be released from prison. In this context, radicalization in prison settings, is seen as a particular challenge in Europe and Iraq,” Under-Secretary-General Voronkov added.

He said that so-called “frustrated travelers” were adding to the complexity of the threat, namely fighters who’d failed to reach main battlegrounds, but been diverted instead elsewhere, either by ISIL commanders or of their own volition.

The report notes that the “centre of gravity” of the organization, known in the Arab world as Da’esh, remains in Iraq and Syria, with up to 18,000 remaining in the ranks, including some 3,000 foreign fighters.

“In terms of ISIL’s financial strength, the report notes that despite some loss of revenue due to territorial setbacks, ISIL could sustain its operations through accessible reserves, in cash or investment in businesses, ranging between $50 and $300 million. ISIL cells are also reported to generate revenue through criminal activities”, explained Mr. Voronkov.

The document, the eighth report on ISIL – which proclaimed its so-called caliphate across northern Syria and Iraq in 2014 – was prepared on behalf of the UN Secretary-General by the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) and the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team of the 1267/1989/2253 ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee, in close collaboration with the UNOCT and other UN entities and international organisations.

After being driven from its city strongholds of Mosul and Raqqa, intense fighting in recent months has left Da’esh defending a small enclave against US-backed fighters in eastern Syria, close to the Iraqi border. According to news reports, around 600 terrorist fighters continue to battle with coalition forces, which have labelled this the “final battle” to crush ISIL.

Challenges faced by Member States

The UN analysis shows that Member States continue to face tremendous challenges across the world in tackling the threats posed by ISIL, with the threat level continuing to expand. This is especially true in North, West and East Africa as well as in Central Asia. Training camps have been identified in Afghanistan, and in South-East Asia, where women and youth are increasingly mobilized for terrorist operations across the region.

The head of CTED, Michele Coninsx, highlighted three of those major challenges faced by Member States:

  • The “destructive legacy” left in Syria and Iraq, most noticeable in the high number of families who remain internally-displaced due to the destruction of homes and infrastructure overall: She noted that “reconstruction will take many years and will require significant resources, as will restoring and reconciling communities after so many years of conflict.”
  • The growth in the number of terrorist suspects and offenders in custody: The risk posed by such prisoners is difficult to assess and manage.
  • ISIL’s ability to exploit new technologies and find innovative ways to finance itself and find new recruits: Ms. Coninsx noted for example the risks linked to anonymous technologies like blockchain and cryptocurrencies, and other internet-based ways of avoiding detection.

The UN’s support to Member States

For several years, various parts of the UN have supported Member States in the fields of prosecution, rehabilitation and reintegration (PRR) of former fighters; international judicial cooperation; countering terrorist financing; border management and law enforcement; countering terrorist narratives and engaging communities to prevent violent extremism.

Specifically, explained CTED’s Executive Director Coninsx, the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and UNOCT are leading a joint project to provide tailored capacity-building assistance to prison staff.

In the Lake Chad Basin, she said CTED and UNODC are working to provide Member States with technical expertise to develop comprehensive strategies to prosecute, rehabilitate and reintegrate persons associated with the Boko Haram extremist group.

Other initiatives include the development of a practical guide for requesting electronic evidence across borders, and the deployment of a specialized consultant to support Iraq in its efforts to develop a holistic and comprehensive counter-terrorism strategy.

“The Secretary-General has stressed that despite recent successes against ISIL / Da’esh and its affiliates, the threat posed by returning and relocating fighters, as well as from individuals inspired by them, remains high and has a global reach,” stressed Mr. Voronkov. “I would therefore emphasize, the recent ISIL losses should not lead to complacency at any level,” he concluded.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the European Sting Milestones

Featured Stings

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

DR Congo: Strengthened effort against Ebola is paying off, but insecurity still major constraint – UN health agency

World Pride underscores that all people are born ‘free and equal’ in dignity and human rights

UN chief ‘deeply saddened’ by Ethiopia plane crash which killed 157, including at least 21 UN workers

Can the next financial crisis be avoided?

World Food Programme accesses Yemeni frontline district for first time since conflict began

Real EU unemployment rate at 10.2%+4.1%+4.7%: Eurostat Update

The Fourth Industrial Revolution must not leave farming behind

Youth for Climate Change

Wednesday’s Daily Brief: Libya ‘war crime’ attack, Sudan, Myanmar rights violations continue, ‘xenophobia’ in Assam, South Sudan update

Brexit: Is there anybody supporting a non-violent separation?

UN makes ‘declaration of digital interdependence’, with release of tech report

The three biggest challenges for India’s future

Education and Training: where do we stand in 2014?

New EU rules to thwart money laundering and terrorist financing

China in My Suburbs

JADE Handover Ceremony at the European Parliement

So different, so close – for two twinning cities

Budget MEPs approve €104.2 m in EU aid to Greece, Spain, France and Portugal

TTIP wins Merkel’s endorsement ahead of 2016 tough deadline

MWC 2016 LIVE: Mobile has power to tame transaction fees – PayPal CEO

NEC @ European Business Summit 2014: The Digitally Enabled Grid

Ebola situation worsening in DR Congo, amidst growing ‘funding gap’ UN health agency warns

Canada and EU officially sign the trade agreement that could open-up the road to TTIP

Back to the Basics: Primary Healthcare

The Indian case: health policies need to keep pace with public health literacy

Ebola: EU announces new funds to strengthen preparedness in Burundi

A money laundering case on Vatican Bank’s road to renovation

A Young student assesses the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)

After the European Parliament elections – what happens next?

Progress on gender equality is too slow, says OECD on International Women’s Day

European banking stress tests 2014: A more adverse approach for a shorter banking sector

Central Africa Republic: Violence drives thousands of refugees into neighbouring DR Congo, says UN agency

G20 to Germany: Abandon miser policies

Indonesia is buzzing with entrepreneurial spirit. And others in ASEAN aren’t far behind

Grexit no longer a threat but how to manage a “tutti frutti” government if not with fear?

Disaster Medicine in Medical Education: the investment you just can´t afford to ignore

Scientists just got closer to making nuclear fusion work

Young and unemployed the perfect victims of ‘vultures’

Chernobyl nuclear disaster-affected areas spring to life, 33 years on

European Union presents its progress towards sustainable development

Commission hardens its stance against carmakers ensuring emissions reductions targets

JADE at European Business Summit 2015

5 charts that explain big challenges facing Italy’s new government

‘Great Pacific Garbage Patch’ clean-up project launches trial run: UN Environment

Greece begins a new chapter following the conclusion of its stability support programme

Facebook/Cambridge Analytica: MEPs pursue personal data breaches probe

Mozambique: UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Orlando Bloom meets the child cyclone survivors who’ve lost everything

More accessible products and services for disabled and elderly people

The impossible end of the war in Syria

GDPR and the World Cup have these 4 things in common

Reforms in a few countries drive a decline in average OECD labour taxes

Libya on verge of civil war, threatening ‘permanent division’, top UN official warns Security Council

DR Congo: Ebola claims over 1,000 lives, Guterres commits ‘whole’ UN system, to help ‘end the outbreak’

G20 LIVE: “Re-envisioning the economy to enable women to reach their full potential” live from Antalya Turkey

Homicide kills far more people than armed conflict, new UN study shows

Challenges remain in DPRK despite ‘slight’ improvements in health, wellbeing: UNICEF

A Sting Exclusive: “Europe needs decisive progress for stronger cybersecurity”, EU Commissioner Gabriel highlights from Brussels

Six steps that can help us to tackle homelessness

A Sting Exclusive: “Climate change and youth inaction: oblivion or nonchalance?”, AIESEC wonders from Brussels

Praising Roma’s contributions in Europe, UN expert urges end to rising intolerance and hate speech

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s