Climate change: Direct and indirect impacts on health

(European Institute for Gender Equality, 2017)

This article was exclusively written for the Sting by Mr. Manish Kumar Gupta, a research associate at VA Healthcare medical center at Miami, FL. He is also affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA). However, the opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.

Earth is the only planet in this solar system or plausibly in the entire universe where life is known to exist. The blue planet has a hospitable temperature and a veracious meld of elements that have made life possible on it. But, these adoring conditions are changing. Temperature is rising, snow and rainfall patterns are shifting, leading to occurrence of extreme climate events- like hurricanes, wildfires, drought, heat waves and floods. Many of these observed changes are linked to the rising levels of CO 2 and other greenhouse gases. An accretion in concentration of such gases and other drivers alter the global climate and are bringing about myriad environmental and human health corollaries.

Climate change is often coalesced only with its effects on our physical environment. But increasing evidence shows its impact on human health in varied forms. The impacts of climate change on human health are broadly classified into direct and indirect. The major direct impact is an acclivity in number of deaths and diseases caused by extreme climate events. Global data unveiled that the number of weather-related natural disasters has more than tripled since the 1960s. Each year such disasters claim more than 60,000 fatalities and a pecuniary loss of $1.2 trillion, squaring to 1.6% of global GDP.

Indirect impacts of climate change have tantamounting effects on human health as direct ones. Global rise in temperature is frequently compeered with air pollution, and an increase in the amount of ozone gas. Air pollution mangles human health and is particularly nocuous for those who are highly susceptible due to their age like the older people and children or any health related conundrums. According to the WHO health reports, air pollution at extant levels is maneuvering an eloquent number of deaths, hospital admissions and exacerbations of symptoms, especially for cardiac and pulmonary diseases. An upwelling level of ozone owing to increased temperature could cause an exacerbation of Asthma, and is likely to be one of many causes of asthma development. Long-term exposure to ozone again could be chained to permanent lung damage. Furthermore, increasing temperature endues an immaculate milieu for the growth of vectors like mosquitoes, which are fabled for transmission of communicable diseases like dengue fever, malaria, chikungunya and Japanese Encephalitis. Such diseases are censurable for innumerable human morbidity and mortality especially among people living in tropical settings.

Future doctors can play a cardinal role in this globally yowling issue; since they are the ones who witness sufferings and deaths instigated by these conundrums on a daily basis. They apprehend that prevention is much advantageous rather than waiting for a disease to come off, when cure may not be of any help. Doctors are often considered as magisterial and trusted by their communities. Hence, their position in society can be employed to build support for action on climate change. Additionally, doctors can educate the common citizenry and policymakers to assure that they understand the momentousness of coaction quested to contrive a cleaner and safer planet for all of us.

About the author

Manish Kumar Gupta, a research associate at VA Healthcare medical center at Miami, FL. Born and brought up in heart of India i.e. New Delhi. His interests include a commitment to medically underserved population, preventive medicine and a love for teaching. By incorporating these interests in to a full service practice, Manish believes that can truly meet the needs of his community as well as his own personal goals. Other interests include reading geopolitical and other non-fiction literature, debating with people on geopolitical equations.

Advertising

the sting Milestone

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

One good reason to feel less blue about the future of our oceans

Commerce is on the cusp of radical change. Is your organization ready?

UN Envoy urges Burundi leaders to ‘seize opportunities for national unity and peace’

A year on from Yemen talks breakthrough, top UN Envoy hails ‘shift’ towards peace, despite setbacks

Four things the UN chief wants world leaders to know, at key COP24 climate conference opening

Sudan: New political transition, bolstered by peacebuilding, could bring long-term stability to Darfur, Security Council told

Neither side stands to benefit in US-China trade spat, UN says

Afghanistan: UN mission welcomes new polling dates following election delays

How civil society can adapt to the Fourth Industrial Revolution

The next EU President will first have to drink his tea at Downing Street

Bugged Europe accepts US demands and blocks Morales plane

The eyes of Brazil and the world turn to the largest rainforest and largest biodiversity reserve on Earth #PrayForAmazonia.

Financial inclusion in India is soaring. Here’s what must happen next

Autonomous weapons that kill must be banned, insists UN chief

US life expectancy is falling – here’s why

Ebola: EU releases additional €3.5 million to tackle epidemic

Fisheries: Commission proposes measures to conserve stocks of deep-sea species in the North-East Atlantic

The financial crisis always prefers the south of Eurozone

UN says ‘many humanitarian achievements’, one year after ouster of ISIL from Mosul

UN summits to urge ‘ambition and action’ on climate change, sustainable development: Guterres

UN receives ‘Humanium’ wristwatch gift, symbolizing peaceful transformation

Chinese “BeiDou” GPS goes to market

This Dutch company makes environmentally-friendly paint


Re-thinking citizenship education: bringing young people back to the ballot box

Marriage equality boosted employment of both partners in US gay and lesbian couples

Draghi will not hesitate to zero ECB’s basic interest rate

Global Leaders Take The Stage At MWC Shanghai 2019, in association with The European Sting

Another doomed EU attempt to interfere in Libya?

The sun’s impact on Earth and weather celebrated, as planet marks World Meteorological Day

UN agency chiefs issue ‘call to action’ on behalf of refugee children

G20 told crucial COP24 climate change conference ‘must succeed’: Guterres

A geared turbofan at Pratt & Whitney's production hub in West Palm Beach (copyright: Pratt & Whitney - a UTC Company- 2018; Source: Pratt & Whitney's website, media center)

The EU Commission approves UTC’s acquisition of Rockwell Collins under conditions

Mind the (gender) gap: why we should stand together on inclusion

A 3-step path to securing critical infrastructure

Central African Republic: Guterres says UN mission committed to protecting civilians, helping stabilize country, as violence flares

EU tourism industry expects a new record year in 2014

Why we need to rethink geo-economics to beat climate change

The world to teach Germans to…un-German

Why Eurozone needs a bit more inflation

How close is Eurozone to a new recession which may trigger formidable developments?

Europe must regain its place as world leader in digital technology

European Youth Vlog

2019: A deadly year for migrants crossing the Americas

Commission pledges €100 million to help Mozambique recover from cyclones Idai and Kenneth

ICC Appeals Chamber acquits former Congolese Vice President Bemba from war crimes charges

Mental health: a medical school’s demand

South Sudan’s foreseen genocide: from “Never Again” to “Again and Again and Again”?

Pesticides: MEPs propose blueprint to improve EU approval procedure

Industrial price dive may lead to point of no return

CEOs say these 4 factors will shape business in 2020

UN Member States overwhelmingly support end of US embargo against Cuba

Could a Digital Silk Road solve the Belt and Road’s sustainability problem?

Sustainable Infrastructure and Connectivity in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI): a stimulating China-EU dialogue at European Business Summit 2018

New ECB boss quizzed for the first time by Economic Affairs Committee

Everybody against Japan over yen’s devaluation

China Unlimited – The chinese tourism in Lisbon

Africa’s Sahel must be a top priority for UN peacebuilding efforts, says commission

No agreement in sight on EU budget

Australia urged to evacuate offshore detainees amid widespread, acute mental distress

World Pride underscores that all people are born ‘free and equal’ in dignity and human rights

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s