Climate change: Direct and indirect impacts on health

(European Institute for Gender Equality, 2017)

This article was exclusively written for the Sting by Mr. Manish Kumar Gupta, a research associate at VA Healthcare medical center at Miami, FL. He is also affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA). However, the opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.

Earth is the only planet in this solar system or plausibly in the entire universe where life is known to exist. The blue planet has a hospitable temperature and a veracious meld of elements that have made life possible on it. But, these adoring conditions are changing. Temperature is rising, snow and rainfall patterns are shifting, leading to occurrence of extreme climate events- like hurricanes, wildfires, drought, heat waves and floods. Many of these observed changes are linked to the rising levels of CO 2 and other greenhouse gases. An accretion in concentration of such gases and other drivers alter the global climate and are bringing about myriad environmental and human health corollaries.

Climate change is often coalesced only with its effects on our physical environment. But increasing evidence shows its impact on human health in varied forms. The impacts of climate change on human health are broadly classified into direct and indirect. The major direct impact is an acclivity in number of deaths and diseases caused by extreme climate events. Global data unveiled that the number of weather-related natural disasters has more than tripled since the 1960s. Each year such disasters claim more than 60,000 fatalities and a pecuniary loss of $1.2 trillion, squaring to 1.6% of global GDP.

Indirect impacts of climate change have tantamounting effects on human health as direct ones. Global rise in temperature is frequently compeered with air pollution, and an increase in the amount of ozone gas. Air pollution mangles human health and is particularly nocuous for those who are highly susceptible due to their age like the older people and children or any health related conundrums. According to the WHO health reports, air pollution at extant levels is maneuvering an eloquent number of deaths, hospital admissions and exacerbations of symptoms, especially for cardiac and pulmonary diseases. An upwelling level of ozone owing to increased temperature could cause an exacerbation of Asthma, and is likely to be one of many causes of asthma development. Long-term exposure to ozone again could be chained to permanent lung damage. Furthermore, increasing temperature endues an immaculate milieu for the growth of vectors like mosquitoes, which are fabled for transmission of communicable diseases like dengue fever, malaria, chikungunya and Japanese Encephalitis. Such diseases are censurable for innumerable human morbidity and mortality especially among people living in tropical settings.

Future doctors can play a cardinal role in this globally yowling issue; since they are the ones who witness sufferings and deaths instigated by these conundrums on a daily basis. They apprehend that prevention is much advantageous rather than waiting for a disease to come off, when cure may not be of any help. Doctors are often considered as magisterial and trusted by their communities. Hence, their position in society can be employed to build support for action on climate change. Additionally, doctors can educate the common citizenry and policymakers to assure that they understand the momentousness of coaction quested to contrive a cleaner and safer planet for all of us.

About the author

Manish Kumar Gupta, a research associate at VA Healthcare medical center at Miami, FL. Born and brought up in heart of India i.e. New Delhi. His interests include a commitment to medically underserved population, preventive medicine and a love for teaching. By incorporating these interests in to a full service practice, Manish believes that can truly meet the needs of his community as well as his own personal goals. Other interests include reading geopolitical and other non-fiction literature, debating with people on geopolitical equations.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the European Sting Milestones

Featured Stings

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

UN agencies call for more resettlement and end to detention of asylum seekers in Libya

6th Edition of India m2m + iot Forum to open its door on 14th January, in association with The European Sting

Top UN political official updates Security Council on Iran nuclear deal

Mozambique cyclones a ‘wake-up call’ to boost resistance: UN weather agency

MEPs and European Youth Forum call on EU to Invest in Youth

Ebola Outbreak in Democratic Republic Congo is ‘largely contained’: WHO

Security Council urges countries to factor child protection into conflict prevention efforts

“Asia-Pacific takes stock of ambitious development targets”, written by the Heads of UNFPA and ESCAP

‘We are nowhere closer’ to Israeli-Palestinian peace deal, than a year ago, Security Council hears

How populist and xenophobic movements in the EU tear apart European businesses and startups

Eurozone stuck in a high risk deflation area; Draghi expects further price plunge

A third of world’s out-of-school youth live in conflict, disaster-affected countries: UNICEF report

CHALLENGING THE ZEITGEIST OF DIGITAL – Change making projects innovate mobile support for refugees, inclusive environments, early breast cancer detection and more

From glass ceiling to glass cliff: women are not a leadership quick-fix

Wednesday’s Daily Brief: mental health, conflict prevention, Ebola in Uganda, Sudan protests, child labour

Hundreds of wounded Gaza protesters risk limb amputation without immediate help, warns top UN official

New York high school students are getting free water bottles to cut plastic waste

Gender disparity in salary and promotion in medicine: still a long way to go

New Report Offers Global Outlook on Efforts to Beat Plastic Pollution

Winter 2019 Economic Forecast: growth moderates amid global uncertainties

MEPs urge the EU to lead the way to net-zero emissions by 2050

This new way of understanding disease is changing medicine

JADE Handover Ceremony at the European Parliement

Service Engineer Intern – 1991

Berlin wants to break South’s politico-economic standing

Sudan: UN chief deplores excessive force used against pro-democracy protesters, calls on military and civilian leaders to ‘stay the course’ in negotiations

Press conference by EC Vice-Presidents Valdis Dombrovskis (left) and Jyrki Katainen, on the Commission's proposals in the framework of the financial union (Source: EC Audiovisual Services / Copyright: EU, 2018 / Photo by Georges Boulougouris)

EU Finance ministers agree on new banking capital rules and move closer to Banking Union

‘The clock is ticking’ on meeting the Sustainable Development Goals, says UN deputy chief

UN chief urges Somalis not to be ‘deterred’ by latest deadly terror attack

Better ID card security to curb document fraud

Four lessons from Africa on building effective business ecosystems

The importance of exchanges for the medical students of the world

Q and A on the draft digital copyright directive

The European Parliament wants to stay in one place

The Brussels bureaucracy blocks the Youth Guarantee scheme

An expert in the South China Sea issue on an exclusive interview at the European Sting

How smartphones can close the global skills gap for billions

Here are 4 ways investors can influence more secure and responsible innovation

Our children’s career aspirations have nothing in common with the jobs of the future

Populist Eurosceptics helped by Trumpists seriously threaten the EU edifice

EP President praises Nobel Peace Prize award to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad

These are the world’s 20 most dynamic cities

Reflections on the the biggest refugee crisis since World War II

Companies have a new skill to master – innovation

Terrorist content online should be removed within one hour, says EP

More needs to be done to bridge the digital gender divide

Trump rejects Europe’s offer for zero car tariffs; he had personally tabled that idea in July

Khashoggi murder trials must public and meet international standards, UN expert urges

Medschool 4.0: how to succeed in the smart revolution of healthcare

EU sets ambitious targets for the Warsaw climate conference

Antibiotics are contaminating the world’s rivers

FROM THE FIELD: Liberia boosts efforts to guard against rising seas

Amsterdam is getting a 3D-printed bridge

EU Parliament: ECB accountable for not supporting real economy

FROM THE FIELD: Stopping aquatic hitchhikers to safeguard environments at sea

A skills gap is jeopardizing efforts to end energy poverty

Migration crisis, a human crisis after all

Parallel downfalls of Merkel and Deutsche Bank threaten Germany and Europe

5G mobile is nearly here – but we should share networks to make it affordable

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s