Relieving the suffering of dying: Home Palliative Care as a spiritual coping strategy

dying

(Sharon McCutcheon, Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Julyana de Souza Araujo, a third-year medical student at IESVAP. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong strictly to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


The World Health Organization (WHO) defines palliative care as an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families in the face of the problem associated with fatal disease by preventing and alleviating the suffering through early identification, evaluation and impeccable treatment pain and other problems, psychosocial and spiritual (1).

In this view of care, preserving the dignity of the person in the final phase of his life becomes essential. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain the identity and integrity of the patient, preserving all that has meaning and value in his life, as well as the permanence in his home. Thus, it is important that health professionals are able to recognize the spirituality of each patient to use it as a coping strategy in the face of their difficulties.

However, in practice, most people die in a hospital. In Brazil, unfortunately, the romantic tendency to die at home or anywhere that makes sense for your life is still unreachable. There are not enough resources and trained professionals for Palliative Care assistance for patients who wants to be treated at home.

A new review, lead by Barbara Gomes, shows that by being followed by home palliative care teams, people with advanced disease see a double chance of getting better the symptomatic control instead of receiving conventional care elsewhere. Given the strong evidence of benefits, the authors recommend the need to invest in home palliative care and include its development in national health strategies, policies and programs (2).

Thus, changes must occur, from the creation of public health policies that enable the application of death in environment outside the hospital to the training of health professionals, making them competent to meet the need that the patient demands. An example is the not-for-profit organization “Casa do Cuidar” (Care House), whose mission is the excellence of practice and teaching in Palliative Care and values ​​based on respect for patient autonomy.

Therefore, health professionals should be trained to assist the needs of this population with fatal disease, while safeguarding the integrity of the patient with what is in accordance with their spirituality.

Finally, when the patient’s spirituality is respected and the end of his life can be where he wants it, the suffering of dying can be alleviated.

References

(1) WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). WHO definition of palliative care. 2019. Available at: <https://www.who.int/cancer/palliative/definition/en/&gt;. Accessed on: 24 Jul. 2019.

(2) PORTUGUESE PALIATIVE CARE ASSOCIATION. Home palliative care doubles the chances of dying at home and reduces symptomatic burden for people with advanced disease. 2019. Available at: <https://www.apcp.com.pt/noticias/palliative-care-domain-duplicate-chances-of-dying-in-home-and-reduce-symptomatically-for-people- with-advanced-disease.html>. Accessed on: 24 Jul. 2019.

About the author

Julyana de Souza Araujo is a third-year medical student at IESVAP. Currently, she is Local General Secretary of IFMSA Brazil IESVAP and Coordinator of the project entitled HEARTS FOR THE HOMELESS BRAZIL in the state of Piauí, she is Secretary of the Joaquim Narciso Filho Academic Center, Treasurer at the Academic League of Pharmacology and Therapeutics of the Parnaíba Delta and Extension Director at the Academic League of Medical Propaedeutics of Piauí, where she developed the project “Who Loves Educates”. She is an education enthusiast and loves learning, believes that training health professionals is the key to improving the quality of life in Brazil.

 

the sting Milestones

Featured Stings

Can we feed everyone without unleashing disaster? Read on

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

European Super League: Why more football is an imperfect solution to sport’s business model problem

‘Starvation’ now a reality for displaced Syrians stranded in camp near Jordanian border

Challenges facing the COVID-19 vaccination campaigns

EU and 15 World Trade Organization members establish contingency appeal arrangement for trade disputes

4 charts that show how technology is enabling the energy transition

It’s time to build a responsible media supply chain

Trump’s trade war splits the EU; Germany upset with Juncker’s “we can be stupid too”

‘No-deal’ Brexit preparedness: European Commission takes stock of preparations and provides practical guidance to ensure coordinated EU approach

Is flexible working here to stay? We asked 6 companies how to make it work

ECB to people: Not responsible if you lose money on Bitcoin, your governments are

Security Union: Commission receives mandate to start negotiating international rules for obtaining electronic evidence

4 key trends on how COVID has impacted women in business

Coronavirus: Commission proposes EU Strategy for the development and availability of therapeutics

UN General Assembly President upholds value of multilateralism in speech closing annual debate

When should you self-isolate, self-quarantine or social-distance?

Industrial policy: recommendations to support Europe’s leadership in six strategic business areas

David Cameron’s formal letter/threat that officially opens pandora’s box for the UK

90% of fish stocks are used up – fisheries subsidies must stop

Trump and Brexit: After the social whys the political whereto

5 technologies that will forever change global trade

Human rights breaches in Hong Kong, Russia and at the US-Mexican border

Password managers aren’t all they’re cracked up to be. Here’s why

FROM THE FIELD: ‘Harvested’ rainwater saves Tanzanian students from stomach ulcers, typhoid

10 surprising things that rely on artificial intelligence

Will the European Court of Justice change data privacy laws to tackle terrorism?

Britain aligns with EU rivaling US on trade and Iran, abandons bilateral ‘Midsummer Night’s Dream’

Tech can reach the world’s unbanked women – but only if they tell us how it should work

COVID-19 has accelerated India’s digital reset

UN condemns deadly attack against G5 Sahel force headquarters in Mali

EU budget 2022: Speeding up Europe’s recovery and progressing towards a green, digital and resilient future

Thursday’s Daily Brief: ambulance attack in Libya, #GlobalGoals defenders, human rights in Cambodia, Swine Fever

Chinese tech investors are turning towards MENA. Here’s why

Me and China

Consultant in Forensic Technology – 1969

South Asia can become an innovation hub. Here’s how

Mergers: Commission announces evaluation results and follow-up measures on jurisdictional and procedural aspects of EU merger control

Promoting ‘a healthy sustainable future’, the UN health agency engages young and young at heart to ‘Walk the Talk’

It’s time to disrupt Human Resources if we want talent fit for the digital age

It’s down to cities to limit global warming to 1.5°C by 2030

Commission welcomes the political agreement on the proposal for a Public Sector Loan Facility of the Just Transition Mechanism

European Commission and four online marketplaces sign a Product Safety Pledge to remove dangerous products

Parliament wants to grant EU consumers a “right to repair”

Thousands returning to Nigeria’s restive Borno state ‘at risk’; UN ‘gravely concerned’

iSting: a reader’s thoughts on the UN Environment Assembly 2017

UN chief lauds Fijians as ‘natural global leaders’ on climate, environment, hails ‘symbiotic relationship’ with land and sea

Easing ‘classroom crisis’ in Côte d’Ivoire, brick by (plastic) brick

Education remains an impossible dream for many refugees and migrants

A Sting Exclusive: EU Commissioner Mimica looks at how the private sector can better deliver for international development

UN chief condemns air strike that hit school bus in northern Yemen, killing scores of children

European Youth Forum welcomes strong stance on human rights in State of the Union

Mexico cannot move forward ‘without addressing the shadows of the past’, says UN rights chief

This is what happened to CO2 emissions in the EU last year

Indexation of family benefits, child tax credit and family tax credits: Commission takes Austria to Court for discrimination

The European Parliament x-rays the troika’s doings

Migration crisis update: What are the chances of a fair deal at this EU Summit?

The staggering loss of the Arctic Ocean’s oldest sea ice shown in time-lapse

Antitrust: Commission fines US chipmaker Qualcomm €242 million for engaging in predatory pricing

Coronavirus: UN health agency moves fast to tackle ‘infodemic’; Guterres warns against stigmatization

What more than 32,000 people think about the future of work

More Stings?

Trackbacks

  1. […] Thus, it is important that health professionals are able to… Source link […]

Leave a Reply to Relieving the suffering of dying: Home Palliative Care as a spiritual coping strategy | HERU Cancel reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s