Primary Health Care: in a world of specializations

Patient 2019

(Sharon McCutcheon, Unsplash)

This article was exclusively written for The European Sting by Ms. Clara Marques Santana, a second-year medical student at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora in Governador Valadares (UFJF-GV), Brazil. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA), cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this piece belong to the writer and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s view on the topic, nor The European Sting’s one.


In recent years aroused the question of how to promote Primary Health Care (PHC) to the young health workforce although specialization careers overate – since this job line attracts workers from basic attention to large health centers more focused on treating than preventing. That question could be answered by the work of different spheres of society – as colleges, medical institutions, and media – in the sense of promoting PHC for providing the existence of conscientious workers – more interested in a humanized and efficient care.

In the last years, the medical field has experienced an increase of the discussion about the impact of specialization careers in the generation of new health workforces while the need of structured Primary Health Care (PHC) only grows. More explainable, specialization careers are well seen in the medical field for allowing a deep knowledge about specifics diseases by using high technology, and, this overate removes workforce from basic attention and attracts to large health centers very focused on treatment1.

However, medical practice shows the wish for preventing illness, promoting health and avoiding damages2– consequently, there is a demand for organized PHC, and for that, people available to work must be interested on it. So, how to promote PHC to the young health workforce? That question could be answered by the work of different spheres of society – as colleges, medical institutions, and media – in the sense of promoting PHC for providing the existence of conscientious workers – more concerned about humanized and efficient care3.

First of all, colleges have the duty to aware health students about how good is to preclude from ill health. For example, teachers can show how the vaccines’ invention was important for the eradication of smallpox, in global level, and other illness, in the local one. In addition, students must have lessons about health surveillance and health systems4 – to understand that: some diseases always could be avoided; for an economy, prevention is cheaper than treatment; and, for a patient, to prevent is fundamental5.

In the other hand, encouragement of medical institutions – as support for the training of basic care professionals and promotion of better working conditions – is equally crucial in the struggle of better health care. Moreover, media should spread the legacy of people which changed the history of community health, like John Snow6– whose discovered that one huge epidemic was caused by cholera using revolutionary technics that allowed the existence of modern epidemiology.

In conclusion, these three spheres of society could help overcome the dichotomy7 between more technological and treatment-focused assistance and PHC – contributing to a collective health concept. Therefore, although the rate of specialization carriers, exalting the significance of PHC for health students is essential for better health care, because it will provide the existence of conscientious workers.

References

  • Fertonani, Hosanna Pattrig, et al. “Modelo assistencial em saúde: conceitos e desafios para a atenção básica brasileira.” Ciência & Saúde Coletiva 20 (2015): 1869-1878.
  • van Weel, Chris, et al. “Primary healthcare policy implementation in the Eastern Mediterranean region: Experiences of six countries.” European Journal of General Practice 24.1 (2018): 39-44.
  • van Weel, Chris, et al. “IMPLEMENTING PRIMARY HEALTH CARE POLICY UNDER CHANGING GLOBAL POLITICAL CONDITIONS: LESSONS LEARNED FROM 4 NATIONAL SETTINGS.” The Annals of Family Medicine2 (2018): 179-180;
  • Kluge, Hans, et al. “How primary health care can make universal health coverage a reality, ensure healthy lives, and promote wellbeing for all.” The Lancet10156 (2018): 1372-1374;
  • Santos-Lozano, Alejandro, et al. “mHealth and the legacy of John Snow.” The Lancet 391.10129 (2018): 1479-1480;
  • Heidemann, Ivonete Teresinha Schulter Buss, et al. “Estudo comparativo de práticas de promoção da saúde na atenção primária em Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil e Toronto, Ontário, Canadá.” Cadernos de saúde pública 34 (2018): e00214516.
  • Mendes, Eugênio Vilaça. “A construção social da atenção primária à saúde.” Brasília: Conselho Nacional de Secretários de Saúde (2015).

About the author

Clara Marques Santana is a second-year medical student at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora in Governador Valadares (UFJF-GV), Brazil. She is affiliated to the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA Brazil), as a trainee. Moreover, she dedicates her time to an extension project in epidemiology at UFJF-GV (EPIMOBS). Therefore, she seeks to study how to promote Primary Health Care, and tries to combine her studies with epidemiology’s knowledge.

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

Advertising

the European Sting Milestones

Featured Stings

These campaigners want to give a quarter of the UK back to nature

How to build a more resilient and inclusive global system

Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year

Pumping more money into banks but leaving them unregulated doesn’t help

In China things are moving in the right direction

EU free-trade agreements with Canada and US: imagine the fallout if put to national referendums

Further reforms in Japan needed to meet the challenges of population ageing and high public debt

These 5 countries plan to slash their CO2 emissions. But how will they do it?

Service and Sacrifice: Malaysian peacekeepers in Lebanon proud to serve their homeland and the United Nations

DR Congo: Ebola response resumes despite ‘risky environment’

UN condemns Syrian ‘war on children’ as up to 30 reportedly killed in clashes

On our way to China

Respect people’s peaceful assembly and fair trail rights, UN human rights wing urges Nicaragua

A European young student shares his thoughts on Quality Education

Cutting money transfer fees could unlock $15bn for developing countries. Here’s how

Chart of the day: This is what violence does to a nation’s GDP

Governments need to honour their climate pledges as risks grow

Impact Investment needs global standards and better measurement

Shifting Tides: Policy Challenges and Opportunities for the G-20

‘Collective amnesia’ over causes of global financial crash – human rights expert

British PM May’s Brexit proposal remains obscure while her government unravels

UN agriculture agency digs in to help forests and farms build resilience to climate change

Cholera surges, children in urgent need one month after Cyclone Idai slammed southern Africa – UNICEF

The UK referendum has already damaged Europe: even a ‘remain’ result is not without cost to Britain and the EU

In the United States, there aren’t enough hours in the week to make rent

Tobacco-free public space – how is the European law executed in my country?

EU-U.S. Trade Talks: European Commission presents draft negotiating mandates

Essential services on verge of shutdown in Gaza as emergency fuel set to run out

EP President at the European Youth Event: “Your ideas are key in shaping EU’s future”

Commissioner sings “Volar-e” but the European driver no “Cantar-e”

Young? You should work out the entrepreneurial heart before the mind

May a parody constitute a copyright infringement? European Court of Justice to give the answer

The world’s largest bus system is starting to go electric

No hard drivers in sight to remodel the stagnating affairs of the EU

Dutch voters reject EU-Ukraine partnership and open a new pandora’s box for the EU

Erdogan’s electoral win on a ‘me or chaos’ dilemma means trouble for everybody

Bill Gates’ top 10 breakthrough technologies of 2019

Eurozone’s central bank leadership prepares for shoddier prospects

3 reasons why AI won’t replace human translators… yet

The success story of a Chinese investment in the Greek port of Piraeus

Europe, US and Russia haggle over Ukraine’s convulsing body; Russians and Americans press on for an all out civil war

Don’t take African generosity towards refugees for granted, says UN refugee chief

7 amazing ways artificial intelligence is used in healthcare

Youth unemployment: think out of the box

Working with millennials, leaders say humility works better than bossing around

US and Mexico child deportations drive extreme violence and trauma: UNICEF

Technology can help us end the scourge of modern slavery. Here’s how

Cameron postpones speech in Holland

The revenge of the fallen

We generate 125,000 jumbo jets worth of e-waste every year. Here’s how we can tackle the problem

If we can build the International Space Station, ‘we can do anything’ – UN Champion for Space

G20 LIVE: “Our response needs to be robust…otherwise we will only find the fire we are trying to put out”, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon just lit up G20 in Antalya Turkey

A Sting Exclusive: “eHealth can change many dimensions of how the healthcare area functions”, Polish MEP Michal Boni underscores from Brussels

Amsterdam is developing a fleet of autonomous boats to reduce city traffic

These forms of exercise are best for your mental health

Climate negotiations on the road to a strong Paris agreement rulebook

EU budget for 2019: do more for the young, SMEs and the climate, urge MEPs

Brexit: the time has come to back the withdrawal deal

EU lawmakers vote to reintroduce visas for Americans over “reciprocity principle”

New identity cards deliver recognition and protection for Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh

Retirees will outlive their savings by a decade

How energy infrastructure is shaping geopolitics in East Asia

What lies ahead for the Korean Peninsula?

More Stings?

Speak your Mind Here

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s